Editor(s)

Dr. Vlasta Hus
Professor,
Department of Elementary Teacher Education, University of Maribor, Slovenia.

ISBN 978-93-91312-40-4 (Print)
ISBN 978-93-91312-48-0 (eBook)
DOI: 10.9734/bpi/sthss/v3

This book covers key areas of humanities and social sciences. The contributions by the authors include temporal transpective, ambivalency, anxiety, optimism, pessimism, self-evaluation, motivation, poverty alleviation, microfinance, women entrepreneurship, socioeconomic structure, constructivism, blended learning, integration of ICT, teaching-learning process, rehabilitation, critical realism, social constructionism, social constructivism, philosophy, research, methodology, socio economic lives, microfinance, poverty reduction, human capital, social capital, beneficiaries, We media, public awareness, child health, community intervention, breastfeeding, generativity, and indigenous populations, scientific materialism, genetics, reincarnation, mathematical investigation, mathematical reasoning, prospective elementary teachers, Tibetan Buddhist painting, arts and crafts,  mural paintings. This book contains various materials suitable for students, researchers and academicians in the field of humanities and social sciences.

 

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Chapters


Role of Temporal Transspective in Personality Formation of Adolescents without Parental Support: A Comparative Study

Dmitry V. Soldatov, Olga N. Zhiltsova

Selected Topics in Humanities and Social Sciences Vol. 3, 10 July 2021, Page 1-7
https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/sthss/v3/9165D

Temporal transspective is described as the ability to connect the past, present, and future in a single picture. The findings of a comparative analysis of temporal perspective of adolescents whose personality development occurs in various living conditions are presented in this article. 50 adolescents without parental support (experimental group) and 60 adolescents raised in a family(control group) participated in the study. The study found that adolescents without parental help have not only peculiarities such as gaps between significant events in the past, present, and future, but also personality traits such as lack of confidence, ambivalence, anxiety, pessimism, and motivation limited by the near future.

Women Entrepreneurship and Poverty Alleviation: An Empirical Reviews

Nik Syuhailah Nik Hussin, Zuraimi Abdul Aziz

Selected Topics in Humanities and Social Sciences Vol. 3, 10 July 2021, Page 8-15
https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/sthss/v3/9817D

Alleviation of poverty became a primary goal in strengthening socioeconomic conditions.  Both developing and developed countries have made it one of their key goals and focus. The Government continued to play the leading role in poverty eradication efforts by promoting income-generating projects, providing amenities to improve the quality of life and implementing program to inculcate positive values among the poor. The objective of this research is to find out the determinant factors towards to poverty alleviation for women entrepreneurship. The respondents in this study consisted of 300 women entrepreneurs who were running the business within three selected states in Malaysia. Data analyses were conducted using SPSS 23.0. The finding indicated that microfinance had a most significant relationship with poverty alleviation. In a nutshell, it was pointed that microfinance program is becoming more significant as the main contributor in creating new job opportunities and generating income for increasing social wellbeing and economic status of the poor and eradicating poverty.

According to constructivism, learning occurs in contexts, whereas technology refers to the designs and environments that engage learners. This study was founded on two assumptions. The first is concerned with the current implementation of ICT-enhanced constructivist learning in the classroom. The second is the growing requirement for suitable teacher education and professional development as a presupposition for implementing constructivist innovation in classrooms.

Detailed Study on the Rehabilitation of the Orphans in the Deep South of Thailand

Kanlaya Daraha

Selected Topics in Humanities and Social Sciences Vol. 3, 10 July 2021, Page 23-31
https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/sthss/v3/9377D

The research's goals are to: (1) explore the rehabilitation of orphans affected by violence in Thailand's Deep South; and (2) give guidance to the government and institutions on how to rehabilitate orphans impacted by violence in Thailand's Deep South. Since 2004, the number of orphans has been steadily growing as a result of the violence issue. The government has a programme of rehabilitating orphans who have been victims of violence by providing scholarships to help them recover from their mental injuries. Surveillance is a term used to describe the monitoring of individuals. The orphans have greater faith in civic society than in the government. Some argue that education, activities like as sports and music, and the duties of the family and family members are the most significant factors in caring for and rehabilitating orphans, and that religion should be used to conduct “social well-being” activities.

This chapter builds upon a paper that was published in 2018 which carried out a comparative analysis of the Critical Realist, Social Constructionist and Social Constructivist paradigms and investigated their potential impact on a proposed research study into an aspect of Social Housing in the UK. The research study that was subsequently undertaken formed the basis for a doctoral thesis that was submitted in 2019 and approved in 2020. In part one of this document the content of the original paper will be updated and in part two the application of the chosen approach to the research project will be described. Part one presents an overview of each of the philosophies that were under consideration for the study. It describes the background and core aspects of each philosophy - Critical Realism, Social Constructionism and Social Constructivism. The strengths and weaknesses of each philosophy is assessed to evaluate its potential suitability for the research that is to be undertaken into an aspect of Social Housing. The impact of the different approaches on the proposed research study identified that the Critical Realist philosophy was the most suitable. Part two of the chapter describes how the Critical Realist philosophical approach was applied to the research that was undertaken and provides an update to the contribution of the research to the final doctoral thesis.

Socio economic lives of inhabitants of core traditional neighbourhoods of Ikorodu during annual cultural festivals disapprove the statement that culture, and satisfaction of housing are incompatible. The core traditional neighbourhoods of Ikorodu despite their ardent believe in traditional rites continues to experience growth on daily basis. This paper therefore evaluates the effect of traditional cultures on housing satisfaction in Ikorodu neighbourhoods of Lagos State. The core traditional neighbourhoods have metamorphosed into the Central Business District (CBD) dominated by both commercial and residential properties. The study area was delineated into neighbourhoods of which the core traditional areas were selected for the study. Questionnaires were served on respondents that were randomly selected among the residents in the core traditional neighbourhoods. Researcher participated in many of the festivals where non-members of the sect could observe celebrations. Findings showed that during the period of annual festivals in the neighbourhoods, a very serious negative effect is experienced on Income Class of people, Gender freedom of movement, Occupation of Commercial properties, Movement of people and vehicles but, a mild or no negative effect was experienced on Religion and Age of residents.

The Effect of Microfinance on Human Capital Development in Ghana: A Cross-sectional Study of Sinapi Aba Trust Microfinance Beneficiaries in Ashanti Region

Ernestina Fredua Antoh, John Victor Mensah, Sampson Enyin Edusah

Selected Topics in Humanities and Social Sciences Vol. 3, 10 July 2021, Page 54-68
https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/sthss/v3/10392D

This chapter provides empirical evidence on how microfinance services contribute to the development of human capital to reduce poverty in Ghana. Microfinance institutions provide services that raise incomes and consumption levels of beneficiaries and reduce income inequality. Through their services, microfinance institutions create opportunities for investment in human and social capital assets development. A cross-sectional approach was employed to gather data from 361 beneficiaries of Sinapi Aba Trust (SAT) microfinance services in 2012, using both quantitative and qualitative tools. Findings indicated that microfinance services enabled beneficiaries to expand their human capital assets. It was also revealed that alongside with loan disbursement, SAT included education programmes that added up to enhancing beneficiaries’ outlook. It was recognized that SAT services provided training for awareness creation and sensitization through workshops to inform beneficiaries about topical issues that were development oriented for beneficiaries and their households. The study among others recommended that, government, sponsors and managers of microfinance should collaborate to pull resources for human capital development of beneficiaries.

A Review and Reports on the Status of Quo and Problems of We Media in China

Jingxi Zhang

Selected Topics in Humanities and Social Sciences Vol. 3, 10 July 2021, Page 69-74
https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/sthss/v3/2657F

The development of online forums, blog, Weibo and WeChat enables us to enter an era of online sharing and indirect communication. This kind of privatization, transmission, modernization, and electronization daily life has become a common occurrence. People can freely express their opinions online. The literature review method is adopted in thesis to conduct relevant academic research on we media. Combined with the hot spots of popular we media cases, the thesis deeply analyzes the disadvantages and advantages of we media, which offers relevant advices on its healthy development. The purpose is to guide we media to develop in a positive and healthy direction as well as create a favorable and green network and public opinion through relevant research in this paper, thus making the development of we media serve the human and the society well.

Infant Feeding in Rural Areas of Koro, North Cote D’Ivoire: A Community Solution Perspective

Adou Serge Judicaël Anoua, Mohamed Sow, Gondo Cesaire Goue

Selected Topics in Humanities and Social Sciences Vol. 3, 10 July 2021, Page 75-85
https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/sthss/v3/10013D

This article aims to make a community diagnosis and plan implementation actions for the control and improvement of infant feeding and infants’ health in the rural areas of Koro. Infant feeding is a real child health problem in Côte d'Ivoire. This situation led to the initiation of a participatory community health approach in the rural area of Koro. It is a qualitative type of research in which Koro community was the target group. The research is categorized into three phases: social mobilization, community diagnosis, and the restitution workshop. With this, the priority problems of infant feeding in the community were identified as well as their solutions, and then an action plan was proposed for healthy infant feeding. The priority problems include the following: the rejection of colostrum, non-observance of exclusive breastfeeding, the inappropriate introduction of complementary foods, the burden of fieldwork demand on mothers, and early stopping of breastfeeding. From the responses obtained, the priority solutions considered include: educating the mothers of the community to change their perception about colostrum, and supporting mothers in the process of dietary diversification and stopping breastfeeding. To this end, an implementation action plan based on a dynamic and community collaboration framework was established to improve infant feeding. It appears relevant as a health monitoring support for the rural community of Koro.

This study attempts to predict life satisfaction from Generativity – the desire to leave something for posterity and social identity threat. The Loyola Generativity Scale (LGS), the stigma consciousness questionnaire (SCQ), and the satisfaction with life scales were administered to a randomised sample of 90 participants from two Baka communities (SWLS). Using multiple regression analysis, it was possible to predict SWL based on concern for Generativity and perception of identity threat. According to the findings, Baka ethnic people are dissatisfied with their lives, have high levels of concern for Generativity, and are acutely aware of stigmatisation by out-group members. The study made recommendations for future research directions as well as potential programme intervention strategies. A bicultural comparison study of Baka and Bantu ethnic people should be included in future research.

Similarly, policy improvements should emphasise evidence-based strategies to improve the well-being of the Baka indigenous people. For example, establishing new laws to create and protect ethnic minority zones, as well as to authorise the formation of a development fund, will make it easier to fund new development initiatives. Furthermore, an ecological management board that includes Baka ethnic people in conservation projects will allow community participation in development and improve overall well-being.

A revised version of the 2017 Religions paper is given here. Questions or comments can be directed to the author.

Scientific materialism is the largely unquestioned basis for science's understanding of life. It holds enormous sway beyond science and thus has increasingly marginalized religious perspectives. Yet it is not hard to find behavioral phenomena that seriously challenge materialism. Some of these phenomena are suggestive of reincarnation. The larger test for science's paradigm, though, as well as for potential general import from reincarnation - is the DNA (or genetics)-based model of heredity. If that conception-beget, DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)-carried model can be confirmed at the individual level then in a very substantial way we would be confirmed as material-only creatures. In particular, can behavioral genetics and personal genomics confirm their DNA-based presumptions?

During the last decade and a half enormous efforts have been made to find the DNA origins for a number of health and behavioral tendencies. These ongoing efforts have been an "absolutely beyond belief" failure and it is here that the scientific vision arguably faces its biggest challenge. The common premodern reincarnation model, on the other hand, appears to fit well on a number of specific conundrums and offers broad coherence across this unfolding missing heritability mystery. The main point being made herein is that there is an alternative broad avenue to investigating the reincarnation hypothesis. If the reincarnation phenomena were general and significant then it should effectively throw a proverbial wrench into the logic of genetics.

For those trying to make sense of religious perspectives or simply questioning materialism, you should consider looking at the missing heritability problem.

This study uses a mathematical investigation strategy in teaching geometry to help prospective primary teachers enhance their mathematical reasoning abilities. Mathematical inquiry in this study involved non-routine tasks carried out as part of a mathematical research process, essentially a set of activities. Developing research subjects' mathematical reasoning abilities through their capacity to analyse, generalise, synthesise, rationalise, and resolve non-routine problems, which is operationally developed as a research indicator and employed as a criteria for assessing mathematical reasoning abilities. Research design using Quasi-Experimental design. Based on this type, the researchers apply a pre-and posttest design, which is divided into two study groups: control group and the treatment group. The number of research subjects were 111 students consisting of 56 students in the experimental group and 55 students in the control group. The conclusion of this study stated that (1) Investigation of mathematics as an approach to learning is able to give a positive response to the increasing ability of mathematical reasoning, and (2) There is no interaction effect of the factors of learning and prior knowledge of mathematics to the increased ability of mathematical reasoning.

A Technical Study on Tibetan Buddhist Painting and Its Traditional Method

Jia Peng

Selected Topics in Humanities and Social Sciences Vol. 3, 10 July 2021, Page 134-143
https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/sthss/v3/9740D

Painting, among the different arts and crafts practised in Tibet, appears to play a particularly important role in both religious centres and the daily life of ordinary Tibetans. By observing Tibetan Buddhist painting in action and attending a variety of exhibitions, art workshops, and other resources both at home and abroad, this study investigates the traditional techniques, procedures, and materials utilised in Tibetan Buddhist painting. The examination of Tibetan painting's technical aspects is mostly based on the general use of materials, as well as the manner and sequence in which they are applied, which applies to the majority of types of mural paintings in Tibet, but which are less widely recognised in the West. This paper tries to illustrate a diverse and rather complicated range of Tibetan Buddhist art approaches and materials.Finally, the author hopes that it provides more evidence of the potential influence of Tibet's traditional artistic wealth on contemporary artists working in relation to this culture.