Capparis decidua Edgew (Forssk.): An Across-the-board Review of Its Traditional Uses, Pharmacology of Anti-cancer Potential
Novel Aspects on Pharmaceutical Research Vol. 2,
20 May 2023,
Chemoprevention is a new approach that employs natural plant and herbal products to prevent, delay, or even halt the progression of cancer, which is the second most common cause of death after cardiovascular disease and a major cause of mortality in affluent nations. In the pursuit of anti-neoplastic effects, traditional plant remedies are often combined with synthetic drugs. Capparis decidua, a plant species, has been found to possess several pharmacological properties, including anti-diabetic, anthelmintic, antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, anti-nociceptive, anti-rheumatic, hypo-lipidemic, anti-tumor, anti-giardial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hepato-protective, and anticonvulsant effects, among others. The caper plant's incredible bioactivity is attributed to its various phytochemicals, such as alkaloids (capparisinine, capparisine, stachydrine, and iso-codonocarpine), phenolics, flavonoids, sterols, and fatty acids. This section covers the traditional applications, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of Capparis decidua, which has tremendous potential with various mechanisms to address the research gap for future researchers.