Dr. Bakare Kazeem Kayode
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Education, Al-Medina International University, Malaysia.

ISBN 978-93-90516-57-5 (Print)
ISBN 978-93-90516-65-0 (eBook)
DOI: 10.9734/bpi/nhess/v9

This book covers key areas of education and social studies. The contributions by the authors include language endangerment, lexical borrowing, neologism, country emissions, economic development, emissions growth, capitalism, human capital, economics, capitalist economy, character education, instructional model, integrated instructional approach, expert consensus, parental involvement, fuzzy delphi techniques, traders emotions, trading psychology, crowd behavior, collaborative trading engineering, mob psychology, markets mentality, probabilistic-determinism in mind, dual state of mind, cartesian-like dualism, Corpus analysis, court judgments, macrostructural analysis, virtual merchandising, symbolic interaction theory, virtual shopping, bilingual education, verbal generalizations, cognitive development theories, neoliberalism. This book contains various materials suitable for students, researchers and academicians in the field of education and social Studies.


Media Promotion:


One of the most frequently encountered products of cultural contact is the borrowing. Borrowing is seen to be a source, an important source of language enrichment as well as of language endangerment. When a given language borrows a great amount of lexical terms from another language, we assume that the two languages have the same attributes or else they have been in contact for a long time. As a result, the current study investigates the Kanuri borrowed words from Hausa. The study is limited to what lexical terms have been borrowed by the Kanuri from the Hausa, how has the borrowing come about as all languages have the means to create, enrich themselves out of their own resources. In other words, why do the Kanuri people borrow a word or words from the Hausa while they have a fully equivalent beforehand? In this research, the researcher collected the data by taking notes and later arranged as documentations for further analysis. Finally, the researcher finds that actually many consider the Kanuri borrowed terms from the Hausa as typically Kanuri and could not dissociate them with other Kanuri words. For any language, in general, and Kanuri language, in particular, to survive, to meet its lexical need and become a great vector of development in the socio economic and political arena, it has to create, recreate itself, that is to have the necessary and adequate words and expressions to convey the desired concepts and contexts and to keep pace with the advancement of technology. Hence, the necessity for the current study to bring out the endangerment of borrowing for the Kanuri people and point out the necessity for the language to coin new words (neologism) that could better enrich its lexicon.

The climate change problematic, becoming more relevant every day, is almost exclusively approached as a natural sciences concern. Thus, scholars debate what drives global warming physically as well as whether a fundamental turn to renewable energy would mean much difference. As global warming intensifies and its link to man-made emissions becomes ever more evident, one may take a look at how different countries differ in terms of the evolution of emissions during the last two decades. The point in this paper is that what the social sciences have to say about the possibility and desirability of a global policy must NOT be pushed aside. Of course, the chemical and biological processes inherent in global warming should be identified and measured in an ever more detailed manner, but policy-making is conducted by human beings in social, economic and political settings. Only the governments of the world can engage in global coordination to halt global warming, but the lessons from political theory underlining opportunism as well as self-seeking with guile and moreover game theory with asymmetric information teach humbleness and scepticism about these prospects. The states coordination coin has two sides: talk, meetings, declarations, promises on the one side, and reneging, cheating and opportunism with guile on the other less shining side.

Commentary on the Downside of Capitalism

Carol Apt

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 9, 27 February 2021, Page 28-30

The American Dream doesn’t always work the same way for everyone. distorted views of human capital might not be as potentially damaging to some individuals and groups if everyone had an equal shot at the mechanisms through which wealth can be achieved, but not everyone does. The relative success of a person can be assessed through many aspects of his/her life, but unfortunately we tend to equate success with money.

Integrated Attitude and Character Education Approach Based on National Primary School Curriculum

Badeni Badeni, Sri Saparahayuningsih

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 9, 27 February 2021, Page 31-43

The purpose of this research is to analyze the weaknesses of the character instructional/education approach in the National primary school curriculum and to develop a conceptual approach of character instructional/education being able to instill the characters contained in the content of social studies subject of primary schools in the Indonesian National curriculum. A descriptive study was used in this research. The results of this study showed that (1) the scientific learning approach was only able to develop scientific attitudes of students and character, while sorts of other attitudes and character were very less implanted into the students self, and (2) the application of the integrated scientific instructional/education approach was able to instill the values of attitudes and characters contained in the content of social studies to the students. Information perceive that is felt positive or negative by the student will shape attitudes, attitudes will form habits, and habits will shape character.

The aim of this article is to obtain experts’ consensus on the need for parental involvement in the effort to inculcate preschool children’s attitude, which covers several dimensions namely school-based involvement, home-based involvement and communication between the home and the school. The diversity of dimensions of parental involvement at early schooling age is closely linked with the reduced rate of behavioural problems and the enhancement of school readiness among children. The verification was done by 11 panel members or experts on the survey instrument containing items, and it was analysed using the Fuzzy Delphi technique template. The study establishes that there is an agreement among the experts on parents’ involvement in the formation of preschool children’s attitude, be it in the school-based involvement, home-based involvement and communication between the home and the school. All items, totalling 24 items in the dimensions of school-based involvement, home-based involvement and communication between the home and the school have obtained experts’ consensus exceeding 75% with 22 of them obtaining the threshold reading (d) ? 0.2. Next, the items involved were arranged by position based on the defuzzification value and improved with some additional items as proposed by the panel of experts.

Research on Requirements of Facing Change Resistance in Damietta University from Its Faculty Members’ Points of View

Aly S. Gohar, Mayada M. F. El-Basil, Mohammed H. Gomaa

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 9, 27 February 2021, Page 58-75

This research aimed to address Change Resistance phenomenon in Damietta University from its faculty members’ points of views and the requirements of facing this phenomenon. The research also examined the concept of Change Resistance and change resistance manifestations, change resistance types in Damietta University and the proposed vision to deal with this resistance. Then the research concluded to effective mechanisms through which trend towards change acceptance in Damietta University is promoted. The research analyzed change resistance reality in Damietta University by a specialized field study. The field study revealed that change resistance is the most prominent feature of the faculty members due to several reasons which are considered the major hindrance of change acceptance. The current study offered a proposed vision of change resistance requirements to promote the trend towards development and change among the faculty members of Damietta University in the light of the field study results. It also investigated the major reasons of this resistance and reasons for feeling the strength of this trend that reject change.

Markets Minding with Crowd Social Behavior: Emotional Control Sharing Trading Mob Psychology

Artemis A. Styliadou, Simona P. Williamson

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 9, 27 February 2021, Page 76-84

Trading psychology refers to traders’ functionalities and mindset during their time on the markets. It should determine the extent and the limits to which they succeed in securing a profit or it can provide an explanation as to why a trader incurred heavy losses. Traders well-versed in trading psychology will generally not act on bias or emotion. Hence, a real-world problem in stock markets is always the emotional control. Obviously, the real question is how to “control” the bad emotions and feelings (e.g. fear and greed), just before the execution orders, rather than to “eliminate” them. In order to address the emotional control problem, this article introduces the innovative concept “Emotional Control Sharing Trading Psychology, ECSTP”, which has been defined as a collaborative trading engineering term. Then, an empirically-tested approach (statistical analysis) is performed in order to initially evaluate the proposed term in real- world NYSE trading strategies as far as the returns are concern. The evaluation result shows an up to 29% improve in returns after the adoption of the proposed term. The implications of the proposed trading approach are pointed to better and more stable decisions with the cost of groupware coordination and communication problems. Always, a well designed and organized collaborative intervention improves groupware efficiency and effectiveness for investment decisions.

The Limits of Mind and “The Bignetti Model”

Enrico Bignetti

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 9, 27 February 2021, Page 85-97

Mind is so far limited that cannot give us an objective picture of the reality. Even, the sophisticated instruments invented by it, can give only a subjective perspective of the reality. An example is given by exploring “Neural Correlates to Consciousness” (NCC); by these means, we can highlight the plain route from brain to mind by exploring only the physiological, functional aspects of Consciousness, while the objective, scientific definition of it remains a groundless hope for an unsurmountable conflict of interest. This unresolved conflict mainly gives rise to three false dualisms in mind that emerge one from the other, like in a Matrioska. In each individual, the illusion of the existence of a Free-Will-possessing Self is the main outcome of this dualistic perspective of his mind. Yet, how comes that cognitive processes are so efficacious in daily life? “The Bignetti Model” is a cognitive model that explains how cognition can occur, in five compulsory steps, just on the base of these mental illusions.

Linguistic Analysis of Northern Irish Court Judgments (2014-2020)

Francisco Godoy Tena

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 9, 27 February 2021, Page 98-105

Court Judgments are essential court documents in legal systems. Following a previous study [1], the aim of this research follows an extended study of court documents (judgments) from Northern Ireland issued between 2014 and 2020. The methodology used to analyse these court judgments is based on van Dijk’s macrostructural analysis. Thanks to this study, we will summarise the most remarkable semantic features that structure internally a recent corpus of 40 digital court judgments from Northern Ireland in order to simplify them for experts from diverse academic fields.

This study explored the belief that individual personality traits affect one’s disposition toward shopping within a virtual environment. The goal of this paper has been achieved by studying the relationship between an individual's perception of presence within a virtual merchandising environment and their attitudes toward virtual shopping. Symbolic interactionism was used as the theoretical framework and utilizing four of the Big Five personality framework: 1) openness, 2) conscientiousness, 3) extraversion, and 4) neuroticism. It also examined whether an individual’s personality affected their attitude toward virtual shopping along with the relationship between presence and attitudes toward online shopping. The study was conducted among undergraduate students enrolled in an Apparel Textiles and Merchandising Program at a university located in Michigan. The data analysis indicated a positive correlation between perceptions of presence and an individual’s willingness to make purchases within an online shopping environment as well as their overall satisfaction with shopping in such an environment. Two of the personality factors from the Big Five personality framework, neuroticism and extroversion, were shown to moderate these relationships.  While the results confirmed that in a virtual environment, one’s personality traits affect individual’s disposition toward shopping, it is critical to study the shift in attitude as the traditional brick and mortar stores diminish.

Attitudes of Primary Education Students toward Intercultural and Bilingual Education in Primary Schools

Vlasta Hus, Polona Jancic Hegedis

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 9, 27 February 2021, Page 118-127

In this chapter, we present the research that analyses the attitudes of primary education students towards intercultural and bilingual education. Interculturality is a current social issue today and can be recognised as an ethic -political project aimed at solving problems of co-existence in multi-ethnic societies. Intercultural education is, therefore, an opportunity and a reason to change educational approaches. A key element for an education containing elements of intercultural education is bilingual education and a highly qualified primary school teacher. The research problem was examined from three different aspects. First, the students’ opinion on the applicability of intercultural and bilingual education. Second, the advantages and disadvantages of intercultural and bilingual education. And finally, the knowledge about intercultural and bilingual education in bilingual primary schools. The research results show that future primary school teachers believe in a good knowledge of intercultural and bilingual education and believe that this kind of education is the most appropriate and useful for the children of minorities to learn a foreign language. Moreover, the results show that primary school pupils have recognised that the ability to speak more languages and to have multi- and intercultural experiences is the advantage of intercultural and bilingual education. Half of the participating future teachers do not recognise any disadvantages of intercultural and bilingual education. In contrast, others recognise the additional obligations of teachers and possible specific learning problems of pupils as possible disadvantages.

Can the Internet Help Relieve Depression?

Yizhe, Chen

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 9, 27 February 2021, Page 128-134

Depression is a very serious problem in our modern society. It can influence people negatively in many ways. Although many scientists are trying to find efficient ways to deal with depression, there are still no final conclusions. Using data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), this study shows that in China, internet use among older people (aged 45 and above) helps relieve their depression symptoms. Combining this finding with steadily growing cellphone use, this suggests that developing specially APPs for older people to use smart phones can help combat depression in China. Other ways to reach the rural population via the internet can also be powerful tools to help with depression.

Emphasizing the Thinking and Scientific Language in the Primary Classes

Saleh Y. Abo-Romi

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 9, 27 February 2021, Page 135-146

According to psychological and cognitive development theories, the preferences of pupils in elementary school toward inductive versus deductive and general types of reasoning when asked to prove or review mathematical claims, changes along the school years. One of elementary school’s curricular goals is to foster critical thinking skills in students. This study examines this hypothesis through a survey in which 267 pupils from the Arabic sector in three different elementary schools in Israel, in grades 4 to 6 participated. The survey, based on the math reasoning tasks by Healy and Hoyles [1], is comprised of Algebra and Geometry reasoning tasks. Additionally, 12 of these pupils’ teachers were interviewed in order to explore their attitudes toward mathematical reasoning and math proving tasks. Findings show that: 1) There is a difference in students’ preferences towards types of reasoning, between grades 4 and 6; 2) Sixth graders will be less likely to accept tautologic and inductive reasoning than fourth graders; 3) Elementary school pupils tend to prefer empirical arguments (such as inductive and example-based) as their approach in contrast to the arguments that they believe will receive the highest scores from their teachers. However, findings do not support the hypothesis that there will be a difference in teachers’ preferences towards different types of thinking. The research findings and their practical implications are discussed. The findings of the present study indicate that the process is not as linear and unidirectional as Piaget’s theory might suggest. Therefore, the descriptive framework proposed in this study may help to somewhat alleviate the contradiction some teachers may experience in the classroom.

The rise of Neoliberalism since the late Twentieth century as the dominant global political and economic ideology has impacted on the social housing sectors in different countries. This ideology has introduced market forces to the provision of social housing which has historically been associated with service provision to fulfil a societal need. This chapter builds an earlier paper that looked at the experiences of four countries to understand the impact that marketisation has had on the social housing sector within those countries. The countries chosen have got a number of shared historical commonalities although each has evolved within their own context. The countries looked at are: the Netherlands, United States of America (USA), Australia and United Kingdom (UK). Text has been added to update the details of the study including the conclusion which assesses how the impact of market forces within housing has been aligned to the drive by the underlying thrust of a Neoliberal agenda to reduce the role of the state in these countries. The role of the state in the provision of social housing has reduced across different countries reflecting the global impact of Neoliberalism on their political and economic systems. The nature of such change has to be seen within the historical and operational context of each country.