Population Ecology and Spatial Distribution of Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on Brinjal
Recent Research Advances in Biology Vol. 6,
3 May 2021
Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), a common insect feeding on plants, belongs to the family Aleyrodidae of the order Homoptera. The quantity of food source especially brinjal, is one of the major factors that has attracted whitefly in the studied area. In fact, the flight ability of whitefly enables them to search for food quickly. Thus could encourage whitefly to reproduce in great numbers and subsequently cause severe infestation in the fields. Many farmers are not interested to grow brinjal after they have gone through some bad experience due to some whitefly infestations, which have resulted in a total crop loss of brinjal fruits. At present, information on the population dynamics of whiteflies locally on brinjal is still lacking. Therefore, this study determined the population of immature whitefly and the population was sampled and predicted precisely via spatial distribution on brinjal plant before intervention program can be made. The study was conducted at the Field Laboratory of the Faculty of Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. The study on the population of whitefly larvae on brinjal plants covered all the plant strata except for the upper stratum. The populations of whitefly were aggregated (Taylor’s Power Law Calculate) in first and second cropping of brinjal plants. Generally, the populations of whitefly were aggregated significantly for both seasons particularly in the middle strata of brinjal plants. It can be concluded that the total number of whitefly larvae were found to be most abundant and can be predicted precisely in the middle stratum of the brinjal plants. Henceforth, these studies are indeed appropriate to generate a comprehensive understanding on the insect population, which could support an effective pest management programme and crop improvement strategy.
- Bemisia tabaci
- population ecology
- population dynamics
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