Prof. (Dr.) Ana Pedro
Department of Education, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Short Biosketch

ISBN 978-81-966927-4-2 (Print)
ISBN 978-81-966927-8-0 (eBook)
DOI: 10.9734/bpi/rraass/v1

This book covers key areas of arts and social studies. The contributions by the authors include rugby league, movement analysis, performance testing, sprinting, athletes, collision-based sport, personal identity, philosophical expression, violence, therapeutic consultation, mental and social attention, leadership talent, implication of leadership in nursing, labor therapy, social isolation, school-based occupational therapy, leisure management, social service, medical and social rehabilitation, labour therapy, natural selection, global security, biological foundation, social cohesion, children’s feelings, socio-emotional experiences, public morality, public ethics, preventing corruption, police accountability, corporate  sustainability, brand marketing, branding, doodling, intentional art, visual thinking, Inclusive education, human rights, special education, sacred forest, sacred trees, metaphorical projection, discourse of Iraqi media, metaphor. This book contains various materials suitable for students, researchers and academicians in the field of arts and social studies.


Media Promotion:


Physiological Testing for Rugby League: A Case Study

Thomas J. Brunsden

Recent Research Advances in Arts and Social Studies Vol. 1, 2 November 2023, Page 1-12

The objective of the study is to provide coaches with an evidence-based testing battery that can effectively assess their players physiological abilities. Most of the time, these tests must be carried out with little equipment and time. Scientific study has recommended the following testing battery: Anthropometry (height, body mass, and skin folds), 40-meter sprint, 5-0-5 agility, reactive agility, repeat high-intensity ability test, intermitted Yo-Yo test, counter-movement leap, 1RM power clean, 1RM bench throw, 1RM parallel back squat, 1RM bench press, and 1RM pull-up/chin-up. Following the completion of the testing battery, coaches can use the collected data for athletic profile, training adaption assessment, feedback to athletes and coaches, and athletic performance prediction. This article was created to provide practitioners with an appropriate testing battery that is backed by scientific research.

Bluff: The following testing battery has been advised for elite rugby league players: Anthropometry (height, body mass, and skin folds), 40m sprint, 5-0-5 agility, reactive agility, repeat high intensity ability test, intermitted Yo-Yo test, counter movement jump, 1RM power clean, 1RM bench throw, 1RM parallel back squat, 1RM bench press, and 1RM pull up/chin up.

The Consequences of Childhood Neglect-Induced Violence

Patricia Prieto Silva

Recent Research Advances in Arts and Social Studies Vol. 1, 2 November 2023, Page 13-21

The purpose of this research is to analyze the elements that prevent psychic development exerted by violence, neglect and affective absence by parents, presented in a case in the form of a clinical vignette.  There are unnoticeable levels of violence present in the family structure that profoundly affect a child's psyche, such as abuse brought on by carelessness, a persistent pattern of silent behavior that ends up annulling the child's subjectivity and leaving the caregiver completely helpless, hopeless, and without resources to find ways to enable  the infant to express their affections. Difficulties are observed in the child's connection with others and insertion into their social context. Negligence is not the physical absence of the person who provides parental care, but rather an emotional absence, a form of violence in which the newborn is deprived of protection, support, care, and attention. They are vulnerable and lack psychological resources. It is fairly normal nowadays for parents to not have time to attend to their children's fundamental needs; they have other priorities, therefore negligence is not a sort of violence that is easily detected. In clinical practice, it has been noticed that children nowadays struggle to be acknowledged as persons, as subjects with sufferings, desires, dreams, and wishes.

Vasubandhu provides one of the most influential and detailed Buddhist arguments to suggest that self or personhood is a mental construct, though the structure of arguments deserves further reconstruction and clarification. According to Parfit, the conflict between morality and self-interest is what prevents moral activities from succeeding in real life. Sidgwick's impersonal ethics are one way to reconcile this contradiction. In this essay, Sidgwick's maxim of kindness is examined, along with its underlying premise—the reachability of the universal point of view. Then, in response to two personalistic arguments, this paper reconstructs Vasubandhu's no-self view in Abhidharmakoa and draws the conclusion that individuals can engage in impersonal ethics if they are successful in dispelling their sense of self through Yogcar's meditation.ct. This paper identifies the argumentative structure of Vasubandhu’s no-self account through philosophical reconstruction and provides a comparative perspective to resolve the self-interest dilemma by justifying the implicit premise of Sidgwick’s impersonal ethics. Overall, this paper attempts to introduce no-self view in Buddhism to analytic philosophy since dialogue between East and West will enrich the perspectives and methods of current philosophical community. Buddhist tradition and its philosophical treasures are immense treasures for academia and deserve further recognition.

The Aim: of the present study is to determine the impact of additional occupational therapy activities on the formation of skills for independent living in children raised and educated in social services.

Tasks: Determining the influence of labor therapy activities on the organization of free time in children raised and educated in social service; Evaluating the impact of the implemented occupational therapy program to have a positive effect on the development of independent living skills in children raised and educated in social service; Study of the possibilities of the applied occupational therapy program to have an impact on overcoming the negative effects of social isolation in children raised and brought up in social service.

Materials and Methods: A number of scientific studies give reasons to assume that children raised and educated in the „Family-type accommodation center” need additional targeted activities to learn and improve the various activities of everyday life. The scope of the study is 21 children aged 7 to 12, users of a social service. Research methods and tools: test „Leisure Management” et test „Skills for independent living“, the evaluation is on a 3-point scale. Statistical methods are Wilcoxon rank test, t-test of Student. 

Results: The good final results in the conducted research are due to the individual purposeful work on the implementation of the activities of the occupational therapy program for the formation of skills for independent living. Preparing for independent living is part of the overall process of working with children which are receiving social support. The application of a set of activities for the formation of their skills for everyday life is a priority goal in the work of the responsible institutions and specialists for improving the quality of child care.

Conclusion: The inclusion of appropriate labor and occupational therapy activities for the formation of independent living skills in children, the upbringing and education of children in the "Family-type accommodation center" has a favorable impact on the overall personal development and formation of social skills.  The various and meaningful activities provided to disadvantaged children give meaning to their free time and create conditions for it to be organized and purposeful. Performing entertaining occupational therapy activities is expressed in working with various materials, tools and techniques from the applied arts and crafts. The diverse and meaningful activities provided in their individual programs support the process of acquiring a set of knowledge and skills that they need in their future independent life to overcome the negative aspects of social exclusion.

Nursing Leadership: A Critical Need

Gagandeep Kaur , Sapna Singh

Recent Research Advances in Arts and Social Studies Vol. 1, 2 November 2023, Page 58-67

Leadership style is the key element in the progress of increasing healthcare organizational productivity. Healthcare organizations require diverse leadership styles to work effectively to improve the healthcare sector, trusting in qualified leaders who can think differently and dynamically. Effective leadership in the healthcare sector is essential to improve and enhance systems' effectiveness. Having engaging and motivating leaders and role models is essential in the dynamic and hard field of nursing. One of the biggest issues the nursing profession has is identifying and training nurse leaders in the demanding and constantly changing healthcare environment of today. The idea of leadership is a multifaceted and complicated phenomena. There is increasing clarity surrounding what true nursing leadership is, and how it differs from management. Leadership is the process of influencing, directing and controlling the activities of an individual or group and also keeping up the group by putting them together in order to achieve the objectives in any case. Leadership is the process of influencing the related people, not having power over them. A leader nurse should be aware that in the health sector, it is necessary to establish multidimensional relationships beyond the integration of the activities of the participants from different service disciplines.

Locke and Personal Identity

Carlos João Correia

Recent Research Advances in Arts and Social Studies Vol. 1, 2 November 2023, Page 68-75

John Locke discusses the idea of a distinct self and the continuation of consciousness after death. The definition of a personal identity across time is provided. Insofar as it is feasible, such a criteria describes the requirements that must be met in order for people to survive. According to John Locke, psychological continuity determines one's personal identity. He believed that the foundation of one's personal identity, or "self," was awareness, namely recollection, rather than the substance of either the soul or the body. We sustain in this essay, that the criterion of personal identity for Locke is not memory but consciousness. Therefore, for Locke, memory is the power of knowledge of the same consciousness.

Sifting Human Races for Resilient Security

Repez Romeo-Ionut

Recent Research Advances in Arts and Social Studies Vol. 1, 2 November 2023, Page 76-94

This study outlines the theories that can improve the cohesion policy and strategic decisions as part of the national security process. The objectives of this research are to highlight certain aspects of the theories of natural selection, human nature, the division of human races, and crowd theory, which when correlated can improve the social inclusion process. Racial differences and identity differences show us that we are so different from each other and yet we are alike. Encouraging differences and channeling beliefs toward a common goal can lead to an increased social cohesion. By implementing those elements into the intelligence analysis of human races the security process can be strengthened. As a result, this kind of expertise, used adequately, can provide resilient responses to cope with unpredictable events or, sometimes, black swan events that may occur in the field of national and global security.

This chapter delves into the significance of sacred trees in the lives of ancient people. The relationship with the tree and its sacredness is a crucial consideration.  The chapter  provides insights into ancient beliefs, practices, and the significance of trees in the context of the ancient Lithuanian worldview which might interest researchers and scholars in fields related to cultural anthropology, history, and ecology, especially for those focused on the Baltic region and its cultural heritage.

Expressed Feelings in Childrens’ Drawings

Marissa C. Esperal

Recent Research Advances in Arts and Social Studies Vol. 1, 2 November 2023, Page 106-125

This chapter aims to examine the children’s feelings expressed in the drawings made while they were strictly under home quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic. Quarantine is the act of separating and restraining the mobility of persons who are believed to have been exposed to a contagious disease to ensure that if they manifest symptoms of the disease, they may not be able to infect others. The study used a qualitative approach called Participatory Action Research (PAR). In this chapter, Participation of 174 children from a suburb community was made possible through the assistance of their respective parents who served as co-facilitators of the researchers. Through the help of their parents, the children were provided drawing materials, written instructions for drawing activities and food packs. Thematic analysis was used to assess the qualitative data, whereas chi-square analysis was used to study the numerical data. The results showed that that the top 5 most common feelings expressed in the drawings of the children are desire and longing (223 or 20.4%); happiness, joy and excitement (100 or 9.13%); followed by the feelings of appreciation and gratitude (74 or 6.76%); love (50 or 4.57%) and fear and nervousness as well as boredom (which both got a frequency of 37 or 3.38%). Furthermore, it was discovered that there is no discernible difference in the emotions depicted in children's drawings according to sex (chi-square = .165 <.864); however, a discernible difference was found according to age group (chi-square = 81.509 >.00). It became evident in the children’s drawings that they also suffer the same effects of home quarantine such as worries, sadness, boredom and disappointments just like the adults do. It was established that drawings can be utilized as a barometer of children's emotional well-being since the children's drawings expressed their feelings, thoughts, and inner experiences. It was also determined that drawing activities can boost children's emotional well-being.

Improved Public Trust, Integrity, and Good Governance with Respect to Corruption

John Motsamai Modise , Phemelo Sheldon Modise

Recent Research Advances in Arts and Social Studies Vol. 1, 2 November 2023, Page 126-146

The primary focus of this study was the notion of good governance. The idea of good governance emphasizes the interaction between the state, the business sector, and civil society. This article looks at a variety of good governance concepts and evaluation techniques. We introduce the terms "governance" and "good governance" and discuss how they connect to the overarching sustainable development objective.  The following sections cover the measurement of good governance, the eight principles of good governance, corruption and poor governance, governance reforms, and anti-corruption strategies. The articles can easily be altered to match different local and cultural circumstances while concentrating on universal goals and concerns because they are multidisciplinary. The article also intends to arm readers with the resources they require to put these ideals into practice and spread them throughout society, the workplace, and daily life. From a theoretical standpoint, it also seeks to develop readers' ethical awareness and commitment to acting honorably in order to promote efficiency.  Encourage the development of critical thinking, problem-solving, and communication skills, all of which are crucial for ethical training. These objectives are said to need a range of characteristics, including the capacity to strike a balance between general ethics and practical ethics; Stress the importance of morals and ethics in daily life; Draw linkages between morality and other global challenges. Accentuate universal ideals and principles while allowing for a range of regional and cultural points of view.

This study delves into the nuanced concept of doodles as a form of self-expression, particularly among Malaysian youths, through a quantitative investigation of their perceptions. The research examines how doodling activities influence idea generation, foster self-confidence, and contribute to decision-making processes in the context of brand marketing. Contemporary visual researchers have critically scrutinised the intentionality and purpose behind doodles. In this chapter, we explore the multifaceted roles of doodles in visual communication and assess how their contextual utilisation impacts both individualistic expression and consumer decision-making regarding brand preferences. Furthermore, we investigate the capacity of doodles to serve as visual representations of complex information. The primary research in this study takes the form of a survey and quantitative analysis, focusing on the perceptions of young adults in Malaysia concerning doodling. Overall, the survey findings affirm that doodling is indeed perceived as a creative form of self-expression. However, the correlation between doodles and intentional art remains inconclusive. Among Malaysian youth, doodles are primarily regarded as symbolic expressions, playing a central role in self-identity construction and the projection of individualism. While doodling serves as a highly personal means of communication and reflection on personal experiences, the habitual practice of using doodles for idea development is not commonly encouraged. The survey results also cast doubt on the effectiveness of casual art styles, like doodles, in branding and marketing practices. Responses were mixed regarding the application of such styles for creative marketing approaches. These findings underscore the need for further investigation to comprehensively understand the potential of doodling to shape cultural information through self-expression and its influence on consumer decision-making in the realm of branding.

Study on Inclusive Education and Human Rights

Asimina Riga , Konstantinos Malafantis

Recent Research Advances in Arts and Social Studies Vol. 1, 2 November 2023, Page 168-176

Inclusive education is widely recognized as a fundamental human right for all individuals and it is based on the widely approved belief that equal education contributes to individual and social wellbeing. However, many students with special educational needs continue to be systematically segregated into “special classrooms”, which circumvents their right to inclusive education. The objective of this study is to investigate the ways in which inclusive education is related to human rights, to make recommendations and finally, draw conclusions with respect to the right of inclusive education for disadvantaged groups of children. To realize this aim, a descriptive study has been conducted in order to provide concrete information from both the Greek and international literature.

Metaphorical Projection in Iraqi Media Discourse and Its Conceptual Connotations

Akram Faraj Abdul-Hussein Al-Rubaie

Recent Research Advances in Arts and Social Studies Vol. 1, 2 November 2023, Page 177-198

The study attempts to demonstrate how metaphors are utilized in Iraqi media discourse and how those concepts are metaphorically projected on Iraqi political and social issues. Metaphor is the motives behind a linguistic expression launched by the producer of the discourse, and an explanation of the hidden purposes of the speech directed to the audience that was made. Many metaphorically projected terminology acquired from foreign media or other sciences were employed by Iraqi editors working in Iraqi media after the American invasion of Iraq in 2003 to depict political problems and the status "these terms need to be investigated to show what their meanings are because. The method used in the present investigation is the survey method. The investigator also uses controlled observation to gather data regarding metaphors borrowed from foreign media and from other sizes. A number of metaphors that are observed used by Iraqi media are either semantically and qualitatively analyzed by the researcher. The metaphors adopted by Iraqi media have been used to refer to various meanings prior to borrowing. The researcher also used a sample of three influential newspapers with contrasting trends: Asabah, Azaman, and Tareeq Ashanti. The study also used three TV channels “Al Iraqis, Al sharqia, and Dijla”.

Within two times stages the first stage is after American invasion of Iraq 2003 the other stage is after the parliament elections of 2006 2010 2014 2018 20 21, 21 metaphors are spotted and 14 of them are selected per purposively.

This method of data analysis thus represents a continuous, circular process of exploratory analysis that integrates with all phases of the qualitative research. 

The study reached a number of results, the most prominent of which are: The discourse of the Iraqi print, audio and visual media resorted to portraying the political and social reality in approximate terms whose concepts were borrowed from various sciences and knowledge due to the inability of these media to depict the events that Iraq witnessed after 4/9/2003 using media vocabulary.

The dropping of concepts that were borrowed from other knowledge in the Iraqi media discourse in describing the Iraqi reality was partial and was not of long duration, meaning that achieving the goal of representation and analogy of the meaning in the borrowed terms was temporary and faded away after a period of time had passed since its use because it did not express the original meaning. Which it was before the borrowing.