Dr. Ritu Singh
Associate Professor, Department. of Human Development and Family Studies,  College of Home Science, G.B. Pant University of  Agriculture and Technology, Uttarakhand, India.

ISBN 978-93-90888-58-0 (Print)
ISBN 978-93-90888-63-4 (eBook)
DOI: 10.9734/bpi/nhess/v11

This book covers key areas of education and social studies. The contributions by the authors include free-market libertarianism, large-environment, small world, normative theory, Hobbes-Einstein-Nash social contract theory, descriptive theory, cognizance assumption, inductive game theory, bounded rationality and intelligence, corporate social responsibility, Spanish firms, Inclusive transportation, pedestrian awareness, behavioral and social change, policy implications, printed media, educational policy, curriculum, preferences, foreign aid, racism, critical discourse analysis, pedagogical awareness, knowledge training, media literacy, audio-visual language. This book contains various materials suitable for students, researchers and academicians in the field of education and social studies.


Media Promotion:


The world has been getting smaller and narrower with the expansion of human activities. Now, exploring and studying new socioeconomic thoughts for this small and narrow world is an urgent task for social scientists. This article provides a normative theory and a descriptive theory for the present and future of the world. The normative theory helps us think about where we should direct the world: it provides evaluations of possible events and designs of social institutions, viewing the world and human community as a unit. The latter is to discuss practical management of the world: considering great diversity of cultures, unified management is practically impossible. Thus, a decentralization of the entire world is required. We consider a decentralized way of management of the world in terms of the constitution of the World Federal Government (WFG).

Study on Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance: The Spanish Case

Cristina Madorrán, Teresa Garcia

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 11, 30 April 2021, Page 22-32

This study is set against the backdrop of the immense interest that Corporate Social Responsibility has sparked in both the academic and business worlds. Its goal is to investigate the connection between corporate social responsibility and financial results, as there is some disagreement in the literature on the topic. The study focuses on a sample of Spanish companies taken from the IBEX 35 stock market index, using panel data methodology, which offers advantages by comparison to the methodologies used in other studies. The research was conducted between 2003 and 2010, so it is current. The results found suggest that there is no obvious relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and corporate results, at least in the case of Spain.

Inclusive Transportation Systems - Creating Impact through Social Change

Asha Bhatia, Sanjwani Jayant Kumar

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 11, 30 April 2021, Page 33-43

There is an increase in number of accidents, injury and deaths due to a rise in motor vehicle population. India is a signatory of the Brasilia Declaration with an agenda to reduce the number of accidents by 50% by the year 2020, yet it can be observed that the incidents of accidents have not decreased. There were 285 million visually impaired people in the world, of which 246 million had low vision and 39 million were blind as per the World Health Organization report (2012). It is alarming to note that around 90% of the blind live in the developing world. They are constantly dealing with challenges in their day-to-day life. Commuting by roads is more unsafe for these visually challenged pedestrians. The correct techniques of helping a blind person need to be publicized. This unique study has conducted an in-depth interview to understand the needs and problems faced by the visually challenged pedestrians, followed by a primary survey on World White Cane Day to judge the extent of awareness of the correct technique. The appropriate techniques were then demonstrated to the public, thus creating awareness and the behavioral changes needed in this endeavor. The paper has used a theoretical concept and practically suggests policy implication for empowering the disabled through awareness drives and collaborating with various government agencies.

An Updated Analytical Study of Printed Media (Of Urdu Language) in Pakistan Regarding Government Policies about Education

Tariq Mahmood, Abdul Quddus Suhaib, Abdul Razzaq, Muhammad Iqbal Khan

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 11, 30 April 2021, Page 44-53

In this article, printed media (of Urdu language) of Pakistan is analyzed from the period 1st January 2010 to 30th November 2014, regarding existence to up till the current educational policy in the year 2014.

This article highlights the Govt. educational policies and the preferences about changing the educational curriculum in different periods. In this article, the financial problem behind all educational policies also discussed, due to this problem govt. authorities had to implement foreign policies in the educational system of Pakistan by neglecting its consequences.

The Racist Language at the World Cups: The Brazilian Case

Carlos Alberto Figueiredo da Silva, Sebastião Josué Votre

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 11, 30 April 2021, Page 54-65

Purpose. We analyzed and interpreted media manifestations within Brazilian sports, regarding white and non-white players, in the context of different events in the history of soccer.

Basic procedures. We focus our study on using metaphors by the sports media to describe performance failure, based on Critical Discourse Analysis principles. Main findings. Racism, an ideology is forbidden by law in Brazil, continues to impact the lives, careers, and status of non-white soccer players, often in very subtle ways, by comparing the media's treatment to poor performances by white and non-white players. Conclusions. Our analysis shows that white players are consistently evaluated based on their professional performance, whereas non-white players use racially-loaded, often offensive, categories that directly attack their character.

The aim of the study was to find out what primary school teachers in Cameroon thought about teacher educational profiles in terms of teaching in inclusive classrooms. Even after accounting for previous learner learning and family history characteristics, the research was focused on the framework that teacher quality is an important factor in assessing gains in learner achievement in inclusive settings. The researcher created a teacher questionnaire as the primary data collection instrument in this analysis. As a monitoring tool, the researcher used an observation guide before and after the training.  The data was entered into a pre-designed EpiData Version 3.1 (EpiData Association, Odense, Denmark, 2008) database with built-in accuracy and validation tests. To detect invalid codes, SPSS version 21.0 (IBM Inc., 2012) was used to perform additional accuracy, data set, and validity tests. For descriptive (frequency of occurrence) and comparative analysis, participants' scores were evaluated using SPSS 21.0 (IBM, 2012). The main results for all of the study's components showed that there was a small decrease in performance at the first formative evaluation, followed by a trend of performance change from the second formative evaluation to the post-trial evaluation. As a result, it was discovered that all of the teachers who participated in the training developed their skills as a result of the intervention. As a result, it was determined that pedagogical awareness training had a significant impact on the growth of inclusive practises among primary school teachers. The main recommendation based on the findings was that teacher educators should take responsibility for the incorporation of pedagogical skills training into teacher education programmes. The study also found that when this is done well, it leads to an increase in pedagogical skills, which leads to more inclusive best practises in our everyday lives. The study concludes that pedagogical skill training has become a popular adjunct treatment for developing pedagogical skills that will lead to inclusive best practices in ordinary schools. Pedagogical awareness teaching is currently best thought of as an experimental intervention. Since the theoretical framework of pedagogical expertise is incomplete, there are issues with description, calculation, and design. More research is needed to address issues such as training length, evaluation tools, training programme packaging, and contextual variations, to name a few. The use of pedagogical knowledge training or instructions by teacher trainers could result in improved in-service teachers ‘abilities to establish routines that free up time for small groups and individual instructions, set high expectations for all learners in ordinary classrooms, clearly communicate expectations that engage all learners in learning, spend adequate time on learners who are struggling and develop collaborative ways of working by teachers.

Developing Media Literacy: A Project of Cinema and Education at Viana do Castelo Polytechnic

Anabela Moura, Carlos Almeida, Raquel Pacheco

New Horizons in Education and Social Studies Vol. 11, 30 April 2021, Page 90-98

There is a broad consensus on the recognition of cinema as a means of acquiring media literacy. The problematization of cinema as an artistic expression and the promotion of interdisciplinarity between the areas of communication, cinema, education and artistic education in particular, have been established in the field of communication science teaching. In this context, the purpose of this article is to describe an action-research that is repeated annually, when students are confronted with cinema, audio-visual language, analysis of still and moving images, and the follow-up of edition creation with students from a Higher Education Course of Art & Technology. The findings provide useful information on the contribution visual culture analysis strategies bring to art in general and cinema in particular, and that such interdisciplinary approach provides a more critical understanding of society through projects that guarantee a free and flexible teaching-learning program and stimulate much discussion and polemic.