Study on Anatomical Evaluation of Lumbar Vertebral Canal in Indian Population
Issues and Developments in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 6,
4 February 2022
Introduction: Low backache is one of the most common symptoms of lumbar canal stenosis, and it sparked an interest in osteological analysis of the lumbar canal among anatomists.
Aims and Objective: To create the morphometric database of lumbar canal dimensions in context of its applied clinical implications.
Material and Methods: A dry bone study was conducted on 47 adult human lumbar vertebral sets obtained from various medical colleges in Pune, Maharashtra, India. The lumbar canal's anteroposterior (LCAP) and transverse (LCT) diameters were measured using a 'Digital Vernier Caliper with 0.01 mm precision.' The data was analysed in SPSS Version 20 using the 'ANOVA' test to determine statistical differences.
Results: Lumbar canal antero-posterior (LCAP) diameters decreased from L1 to L5, whereas Lumbar canal transverse (LCT) diameter increased gradually from the first to fifth lumbar vertebrae.
Conclusion: The current study found statistically significant differences in the dimensions of the lumbar canal from L1 to L5 in Indians. This morphometric baseline data can be used in the surgical management of low back pain as a result of lumbar canal stenosis.
- Antero-posterior diameter
- dry bone study
- lumbar canal
- lumbar canal stenosis
- transverse diameter